Makar Sankranti is celebrated as per the Hindu calendar month of Magha. Makar Sankranti also known as Makara Sankranti marks the transition of the sun into the zodiacal sign of Makara (Capricorn) on its celestial path, which is the first change in the zodiac after the winter solstice and is the first day of the month of Magha.
The traditional Indian Calendar is based on lunar positions but Sankranti is a solar event.
This festival is celebrated for innumerable reasons depending on various climate, agricultural environment, cultural background and location. Makar Sankranti marks the transition of the Sun into Capricorn on its celestial path.
There is another significance of this day i.e. the days start becoming longer and warmer and thus the chill of winter declines.
Makar Sankranti Date, Timing, Muhurta
So while dates of all Hindu festivals keep changing as per the Gregorian calendar, the date of Makar Sankranti remains constant, every year on 14 January.
Makar Sankranti Punya Kaal Muhurta, Panchang, Timing
Sankranti Moment = 14:00
SIGNIFICANCE OF MAKAR SANKRANTI
The festival of Makar Sankranti is associated with much cultural significance:
The Puranas say that on this day Sun visits the house of his son Shani, who is the swami of Makar Rashi. This day symbolizes the healthy relationship of father & son. It is the son who has the responsibility to carry forward his fathers dream and the continuity of the family.
It was on this day when Lord Vishnu ended the ever increasing terror of the Asuras by finishing them off and burying their heads under the Mandara Parvata (Mountain). So this occasion also represents the end of negativities and beginning of an era of righteous living.
Makar Sankranti par Karen apni Rashi Anusar Daan, Puja Vidhi